Did you know that these books could hold significant clues into your ancestry. During world war ii, ration books were distributed to families by the office of price administration opa. There was also a danger that some people might hoard food, leaving none for others. As more restrictions were added, additional books were printed.
There is a note on the back of the book that reads. Rationing was introduced temporarily by the british government several times during the 20th century, during and immediately after a war at the start of the second world war in 1939, the united kingdom was importing 20 million long tons of food per year, including about 70% of its cheese and sugar, almost 80% of fruit and about 70% of cereals and fats. War ration stamps were a common item, and they are not in high demand as a collectible item, making their value fairly low. World war ii ration coupon collection, 19421946, david m. War ration book one ration coupons on the home front. Jun 24, 2019 interesting question, since i have some as family heirlooms, meaning they are not for sale. This article may feature affiliate links to amazon or other companies, and purchases made via these links may earn us a small commission at no additional. Monday, february 26, 2018 by sarah sundin rationing of processed foods was an important part of life on the us home front. German and italian prisoners of war were used as farm laborers to assist in the food.
Guide to the world war ii ration coupon collection, 19421946. Wwii time capsule mess kit war ration box w field sewing kit calendar bonds book. They had to register and buy their food from their chosen shops. Food rationing during world war 2 primary homework help. During the second world war, you couldnt just walk into a shop and buy as much sugar or butter or meat as you wanted, nor could you fill up your car with gasoline whenever you liked. When the second world war began in september 1939 petrol. The first two images explain how ration books were to be used. The government found it necessary to ration food, gas, and even clothing during that time. World war ii rationing stamps program, 19431946 overview of the collection title world war ii rationing stamps program dates 19431946 inclusive 1943 1946 quantity 1 box.
How to use your ration coupons color version youtube. The office of price administration used opa stamps, coins, and chits for rationing. World war 2 ration books the war ration was not very high. Opa tokens were used by retailers to give change back for food bought with ration stamps. Collection consists of ration coupons, stickers, permits, and certificates for tires. The ration books contained removable stamps good for certain rationed items, like sugar, meat, cooking oil, and canned goods. During the second world war, americans were asked to make sacrifices in many ways. Brief history opa stands for office of price administration tokens replaced the green ration stamps for processed food on feb 20, 1944 stopped being issued in 1945 used to ration retail items during the end of. In the summer of 1941, the british appealed to americans to conserve food to provide more.
Ration books notice the dates these ration books were issued to doris and montague corri. Food rationing started in 1942 and ended in the united states in august 1945 except for sugar which lasted until 1947. The only way to survive was to implement world war 2 rationing, and soon the ration book would become the most important book in every british household. Each stamp was worth 1 lb of sugar and was given a. The war ration stamps are very common and the demand for them in the collectors circle is. While war ration stamps are not rare, many people find this type of historical memorabilia interesting. They were under food rationing until 1954 while britain recovered from the war.
In fact, two food items which never went on ration during the war, bread and potatoes, went on ration after wwii. World war ii ephemera wwii war ration books acorn signal enemy equipment form. But dont sell it untill you get a good idea of the prices people are getting for that kind of thing. World war ii rationing stamps program, 19431946 overview of the collection title world war ii rationing stamps program. Guide to the world war ii ration coupon collection, 1942. In the summer of 1941, the british appealed to americans to conserve food to provide more to. During times of uncertainty and disruption, frugal, storable ingredients to make simple, nutritional recipes come into their own. Canadian war ration books food rationing in canada 19421947. Civilians first received ration bookswar ration book number one, or the. They were coupon books for goods rationed during world war ii. Once a persons ration stamps were used up for a month, she couldnt buy any more of that type of food. In the united states, nationwide food rationing was instituted in the spring of 1942, and each member of the.
My grandmother recently died peacefully at 95, and while my sisters and i were. Background search genealogists are always in search of new record sources when confronted with a brick wall. Rationing officially ended in 1954 after cheese, meat and all fats came of ration. Of the 180,000,000 printed, 123,000,000 were issued. Each month brought new ration stamps as the old ones expired. Collection consists of ration coupons, stickers, permits, and certificates for tires, bicycles, typewriters, sugar, shoes, fuel oil, gasoline, and food which were issued by the office of price administration between 19421946. Records from war ration books for genealogy world war two.
The weekly food ration for two people, uk, 1943 this photograph shows the amounts of butter, milk, bacon, lard, sugar, cheese, tea and jam received by two people per week in britain. Heres a look at what those ration books and rationing stamps looked like. Wwii ration books provide name, address, age, occupation, and even height and weight. War ration book one ration coupons on the home front, 1942. Thus, the shopper for a family of four had a total of 192 points for processed food and 256 points for meats, fish, and dairy products. A bas relief panel on the world war ii memorial in washington, d.
American rationing began in early 1942, shortly after pearl harbor and the newlycreated office of price administration oversaw price freezes and rationing. All these things were rationed, which meant you were only allowed to buy a small amount even if you could afford more. What is the value of world war 2 ration books answers. Rationing was not only one of those ways, but it was a way americans contributed to the war effort. Rationing began on 8th january 1940 when bacon, butter and sugar were rationed. These are the world war ii ration stamp books of young william walton smith jr. Each stamp was worth 1 lb of sugar and was given a designed two week period during.
Other ration cards developed as the war progressed. A complex and constantly changing system kept the grocery shopper on her toes. Opa stands for office of price administration rationing was started in 1942. I hope the wartime recipes i have recreated will help people to feed themselves and their families. The office of price administration used opa stamps, coins and chits for. To meet this surging demand, the federal government took steps to conserve crucial supplies, including establishing a rationing.
During food rationing british biologists ate laboratory rats. The army and navy were growing, as was the nations effort to aid its allies overseas. Oct 10, 2019 before the start of world war ii the uk imported 55 million tons of food, a mere month after the start of world war ii they imported 12 million. World war ii opa red point ration tokens wwii, rare mm. Initially used to ration sugar, coupons were later designated for other products. Free shipping on many items browse your favorite brands affordable prices. What is the value of world war 2 ration books with. Ration cards included stamps with drawings of airplanes, guns, tanks, aircraft, ears of wheat and fruit, which were used to purchase rationed items. By 1942 many other foodstuffs, including meat, milk, cheese, eggs and cooking fat were also on the ration. How to use your ration coupons color version atomicagepictures. Food rationing and recipes in world war ii part one study history, world history, world war ii, local history, 5th grade social studies, teaching social studies, history teachers, teaching history, history classroom. Perhaps your relatives received ration books during world war ii.
Monday, march 4, 20 by sarah sundin rationing of processed foods was an important part of life on the us home front. Unfollow world war 2 ration books to stop getting updates on your ebay feed. Shortly after the commencement of world war two, rationing was introduced in canada on january 24, 1942, to limit the use of imported food and to free up supplies for the military and their allies. To meet this surging demand, the federal government took steps to conserve crucial supplies, including establishing a. Shortages of essential war materials such as rubber, gasoline, and sugar were initially anticipated, but soon rationing grew to include food as well as fuel and sugar. All red and blue ration stamps were worth 10 points. During world war ii, ration books were distributed to families by the office of price administration opa to help regulate food shortages as a result of the war. Gasoline deposit certificate acknowledgement and authorization of delivery gasoline and fuel oil. Food rationing, as what was mentioned above, went on even after the war ended. With not a single person unaffected by the war, rationing meant sacrifices for all. As a matter of fact, when a gallup poll on march 5, 1943, asked americans, do you understand how the food point rationing system works. It is interesting to note that some cookbooks published during the war featured sugarless recipes so home cooks could more easily comply with the rationing program.
Youll notice that they change slightly throughout the war. Jan 31, 20 the small coins introduced in 1944 were used by retailers to give change back for food bought with ration stamps. In order to conserve strategic war materials, rationing of commonplace items was instituted in 1942. Pricing depends on rarity, and they get more value, the more provenance you can document tying it to particular families, particular persons, and so on. Ration book used during world war ii with sheets of stamps inserted in the middle. How much food were people actually rationed during world. Sep 18, 2011 how to use your ration coupons color version atomicagepictures. At an auction less than a week later, i found another group of ration books for a family with children. Rationing of food lasted for 14 years and ended on july 4, 1954. In britain, food rationing started in 1939 and lasted well past the war. Dec 01, 2018 the office of price administration used opa stamps, coins, and chits for rationing. My grandmother recently died peacefully at 95, and while my sisters and i. With the onset of world war ii, numerous challenges confronted the american people. Well, can you think of a resource that not only gives you name, address, age and occupation, but also height and weight of a person.
Opa tokens were used for rationing during world war ii. Interesting question, since i have some as family heirlooms, meaning they are not for sale. War ration books and tokens were issued to each american family, dictating. Pearl harbor and americas subsequent entrance into world war ii, it became apparent that voluntary conservation on the home front was not going to suffice. I was given 6 war ration books with most of the stamps still in them. How much food were people actually rationed during world war ii. Homefront during the second world war, you couldnt just walk into a shop and buy as much sugar or butter or meat as you wanted, nor could you fill up your car with gasoline whenever you liked. Civilians first received ration books war ration book number one, or the sugar book on 4 may 1942, through more than 100,000 schoolteachers, pta groups, and other volunteers 7. Get the best deals on wwii ration book when you shop the largest online. War ration books were produced by the united states office of price administration in 1942 when united states officially entered the second world war. Make offer world war ii ephemera wwii war ration books acorn signal enemy equipment form.
The small coins introduced in 1944 were used by retailers to give change back for food bought with ration stamps. World war ii put a heavy burden on us supplies of basic materials like food, shoes, metal, paper, and rubber. Oct 10, 2017 the weekly food ration for two people, uk, 1943 this photograph shows the amounts of butter, milk, bacon, lard, sugar, cheese, tea and jam received by two people per week in britain. Sugar allowance coupon for home food processing 1 pound, 19421945. Office of price administration, 1946 november box1, folder1. Jan 25, 2012 a familys ration books from world war ii. Items that were rationed include canned goods, meats, sugar, coffee, tires, gas and more.
Rescuing texas history, 2015 and one other and was provided by pioneer city county museum to the portal to texas history, a digital repository hosted by the unt libraries. A person could not buy a rationed item without also giving the grocer the right ration stamp. Ever wondered how much food a person was entitled to during world war two. The point value of all rationed foods will be published and posted in each store at the beginning of each ration period. Food ration certificate and coupons, undated box1, folder3 containers description dates. Around 1939, when world war ii began, the united kingdom imported twothirds of its food, all of which had to be shipped over oceans teeming with german uboats.
On august 15, 1945, world war ii gas rationing was ended on the west coast of the united states. The first ration books for food became known as the sugar book since it contained the basics. Civilians still needed these materials for consumer goods as well. Every american was entitled to a series of war ration books filled with stamps that could be used to buy restricted items along with payment, and within weeks of the first issuance, more than 91. During wwii, countless products were limited in order to help meet the demands both of the military and the citizens back home. The war ration stamps are very common and the demand for them in the collectors circle is not very high.
Every american was issued a series of ration books during the war. Rationing was regulated by the office of price administration and ration books holding stamps used for purchasing goods were distributed to all citizens. The soviet union was under food rationing from 1941 1947. Office of price administration opa froze prices on. Ration books and cards 1 ration book holder containing used ration books and cards war ration book two 5. It established a rationing system after the attack on pearl harbor. Make it do rationing of canned goods in world war ii. Fish was not rationed, but prices increased considerably as the war progressed. The office of price administration used opa stamps, coins and chits for rationing. Civilians first received ration bookswar ration book number one, or the sugar bookon 4 may 1942, through more than 100,000 schoolteachers, pta groups, and other volunteers 7. Canadian war ration books food rationing in canada 1942. During the second world war, you couldnt just walk into a shop and buy as. Each stamp had a number on it designating the points it was worth as well as a letter showing which rationing period the stamp could be used. Cook book contained revised recipes and gave advice on dealing with food shortages.300 72 1554 169 751 1495 638 545 170 902 984 345 827 1540 556 584 1313 1511 90 1205 278 1597 1253 743 287 1074 1462 1123 989 1127 782 1153 244 1399 369 768 314 667